Read the information and complete the activities. When you finish, print this page and place it in your folder. |
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So you are a ram! From the top of the mountain you can see great distances. Some objects look small from far away. At night, the stars and planets look very small. What are their actual sizes? A model represents the real thing. If a model is good, it is built to SCALE. That means that the sizes and distances show real relationships to each other. But they are shown much smaller. When we build a model, we say that we draw a SCALED model of those objects. Road maps are scale models of an area. Look for a chart on a map that shows what the scale is. For example, on one map, a distance of 100 miles can be drawn on a scale of one inch. On tha map, half a mile would be drawn as half an inch. In this activity, you are going to create a scaled model of the solar system, compute the acutal size of each planet and its distance from the sun.(This activity was modified and adapted from http://www.union.edu/PUBLIC/KIDS/fsnScaleModel.htm) A. Create a scale model of the solar system (IF YOU HAVE KIDS AT HOME, SHOW THEM HOW TO CREATE A MODEL USING OTHER OBJECTS, LIKE MARBLES OR CANDY.)
B. EXTRA CHALLENGE!!! Using the instructions and information below, fill in the missing information. The circles that you cut out (above ) have a line through them. That line represents the diameter of a circle.In the scale used for the diameter of each planet diameter for the planet, 1 millimeter (mm) stands for 2,000 kilometers (km). When you know the scale, you can find the REAL diameter for each planet. To calculate the planet's real size, measure the dashed line (representing the SCALED diameter for each planet) and then multiply the number of millimeters by 2,000. For example, since the circle representing Venus has a SCALED diameter of 6 mm (the length of the line in the circle), the REAL diameter of Venus is 6 x 2,000, or 12,000 km. Calculate the REAL diameters of each planet, and write the answers in the last column of the chart below. When you finish, print this page and place it in your folder. CHART
C. Show what you've learned by answering the questions in the boxes provided. When you finish, print this page and place it in your folder. 1. Which is the largest planet? 2. Which is the smallest planet? 3. Which planet is fourth farthest from the sun? 4. Which planet is farthest from the sun? 5. Which planet is closest to the sun? 6. Which two neighboring planets are closest to each other? 7. Which two neighboring planets are farthest from each other? 8. Which planet is closest to Earth? 9. Which planet is farthest from Earth? ADDITIONAL PRACTICE: ASK YOUR INSTRUCTOR ABOUT WORKING WITH OTHER RELATIONSHIPS IN MATH. IT'S FUN AND IT WILL HELP YOU WITH YOUR GED AND WITH SOLVING MANY LIFE PROBLEMS. Write Your Name: |
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